Chapter 7 Discussion Questions 12 12 unread replies. 12 12 replies. Discussion Questions What limits were placed on free blacks throughout the North? What were the characteristics of northern black communities? What institutions did African Americans rely on most? Points to consider: The federal and state governments, as well as local governments, severely restricted black economic and social mobility through racist laws and customary racism. Northern black communities were poor and segregated and primarily urban. Blacks relied upon churches, schools, and self-help societies to survive. What were the differences between free black life in the South compared to the North? How was the Upper South different from the Deep South? Points to consider: Free blacks in the North were less skilled than free blacks in the South, but they possessed greater avenues of cultural and religious expression because free blacks in the South were surrounded by slavery. Free blacks in the Upper South lived near the free states, providing them greater economic and social opportunities than free blacks in the cotton-based Deep South. All free blacks lived in cities in greater proportions compared to enslaved blacks and whites.
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